“Enriquillo”, Cacique Henri, leads the last great rebellion of Taino Indians on the Island of Hispaniola. The Taino cacique was a grandnephew of the great Cacica Anacaona and one of the first native children thought to be converted to Catholicism. The friars taught Enriquillo to read and write Castilian and to act “civilized.” From 1519 until 1533, he staged successful raids against the Spaniards for the next 13 years. As his fame spread, rebellious Indians and African slaves joined him. Over the years, numerous heavily armed bands of Spaniards were sent to dislodge Enriquillo, but they had no success until the 1533 expedition of Captain Francisco de Barrionuevo, who bore promises of a pardon and liberty from King Charles and who took along the Dominican friar Bartolome de Las Casas to convince the Cacique of the sincerity of the offer. Enriquillo reconciled with the king and agreed, henceforth, to return runaway slaves to Spanish officials. Later, a group of escaped slaves attacked the town of Azua, where Enriquillo was buried in 1535, to retaliate for his actions against black slaves. Bohoruco remained a refuge for rebellious cimarones (“runaway slaves”) until the late-nineteenth century. Today, there is a monumental sculpture dedicated to Enriquillo on the main road to Bahoruco, and the large salt lake in the region is known as Lago Enriquillo.

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